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Bryan S. Turner “Discipline”

Turner, Bryan S. 2006. Discipline. – Theory, Culture & Society Vol. 23(2-3): 183-186

The digital cultures of the post-industrial world no longer have the same level of meaningful stability as print cultures. McLuhan’s research suggested that different technologies of communication required different forms of education and training, producing different technologies of the self. The creation of e-knowledge requires flexibility rather than hierarchy and discipline. (184)

Disciplines are artificial constructs; they are not naturally occurring intellectual divisions that might refer to divisions of the mind. They are socially constructed perspectives consti-tuting a particular slice of reality and as such they can always be transformed, relocated or destroyed. (184-185)

The paradox of globalization is that it is closely and inevitably connected with consciousness of localism and localization. That is, the globalization of culture threatens the very existence of local practice and belief, which become engulfed in a unifying process of cultural integration. The need to defend localism is a response to the impact of cultural globalism, particularly through such processes as tourism and multinational investment. The attempt to
protect local knowledge, local culture and local practice is thus associated with anthropological postmodernist and hermeneutic emphasis on textuality, locality and indigenous meaning. It immediately establishes cultural relevance and appears to demonstrate in compelling ways what is at stake in the politics of cultural domination and resistance. (185)

[…] the university has been, since its medieval foundations, fractured around a contradiction between nationalistic particularity and a commitment to more universalistic standards, and that this tension has if anything increased with globalization. It is unlikely that disciplinary coherence can be maintained in these new circumstances. (186)

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