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Gilles Deleuze “Dispositif?” & “Question on the Subject”

Deleuze, Gilles 2007. What Is a Dispositif? – Deleuze, G. Two Regimes of Madness: Texts and Interviews 1975-1995. Los Angeles; New York: Semiotext(e), 343-352.

The Self is not knowledge or power. It is a process of individuation that effects groups or people and eludes both established lines of force and constituted knowledge. It is a kind of surplus value. Not every apparatus necessarily has it. (346)

Apparatuses are therefore composed of lines of visibility, utterance, lines of force, lines of subjectivation, lines of cracking, breaking and ruptures that all intertwine and mix together and where some augment the others or elicit others through variations and even mutations of the assemblage. (347)

What counts is the newness of the regime of enunciation itself in that it can include contradictory utterances. […] the newness of the regime counts more than the originality of the utterance. Each apparatus is thus defined by its content of newness and creativity, which at the same time indicates its ability to change or even break for the sake of a future apparatus, unless, on the contrary, there is an increase of force to the hardest, most rigid and solid lines. (349)

In every apparatus, we have to distinguish between what we are (what we already no longer are) and what we are becoming: the part of history, the part of currentness. History is the archive, the design of what we are and cease being while the current is the sketch of what we will become. Thus history or the archive is also what separates us from ourselves, while the current is the Other with which we already coincide. (350)

Not prediction, but being attentive to the unknown knocking at the door. (351)

„[…] our reason is the difference between discourses, our history the difference between times, our self the difference between masks.” (352, Foucault „The Archaeology of Knowledge”).


Deleuze, Gilles 2007. Response to a Question on the Subject. Deleuze, G. Two Regimes of Madness: Texts and Interviews 1975-1995. Los Angeles; New York: Semiotext(e), 353-355.

A philosophical concept fulfills one or more Functions in fields of thought that are themselves defined by internal variables. There are also external variables (states of things, moments of history) in a complex relationship with the internal variables and the functions. This means that a concept is not created and does not disappear at whim, but to the extent that new functions in new fields dismiss it relatively. That is also why it is never very interesting to criticize a concept: it is better to construct new functions and discover new fields that make the concept useless or inadequate. (353)

Events raise very complex questions of composition and decomposition, speed and slowness, longitude and latitude, power and affect. Counter to any psychological or linguistic personalism, they lead to promoting a third person and even a „fourth” person singular, the non-person or It, in which we recognize ourselves and our community better than in the empty I-You exchanges. We believe that the notion of the subject has lost much of its interest in favor of pre-individual singularities and non-personal individuations. (355)

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